AIDS Research Paper

Reduction of the HIV/AIDS pandemic

Section One

The pandemic of HIV/AIDS is one of the main challenges facing the world in present days. It is arguably true that the malady has proved difficult to combat given because it does not have a cure. Therefore, the world has come together in trying to use different methods to face the disease. This is perhaps the reason why there have been immense impacts on the number of people suffering from the disease. As at 2009, new HIV infections had reduced by over 17 percent in eight years1. Although the disease has been associated with the developing world, the world health organization points out that there was a sharp increase in HIV and AIDS cases, in developed countries such as those in Europe. This was happening concurrently with what was happening in the developing world where most African countries are found. This implies that the spread of the disease is affecting both the developing and the developed world.

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Studies in the African continent also show that the rate of infections with the virus that causes the disease is also dwindling. This is an indication that the fight against the disease is working. According to the United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS); prevention strategies are making immense progress. This is supported by the reduced number of people infected every year and an increase of the number of people living with the virus. In this regard, the United Nations through various agencies like the world health organization has done a lot in fighting the disease. One of the major ways this has been done is by availing funds to many countries. This has enabled them afford the medicine that prolong their lives.

There are many other programs developed by different bodies aiming at combating the HIV pandemic. Some of these programs are sponsored jointly with the World Bank. A clear example is the multi-country AIDS program (MAP). In this project, Africa has received a whopping chunk of money for fight against the disease. This means that the notion that most Africans cannot afford the drugs (antiretroviral) could not be true. Although the continent faces many, tough economic challenges, this assistance from the rest of the world is actually significant. This is the reason why the prevalence of the disease has kept on reducing with time. In addition, the program in Africa has improved the way patient are given care, support and treatment thus improving the entire status of the disease in the continent2. The multi-country AIDS program is also given credit in the developing world especially in Africa because it has achieved most of the objectives it was set to achieve. In other words, this program has been extraordinarily effective since its inception. As 2003, this establishment was the chief source of funds for fighting HIV and AIDS. This means that the word has been successful in coming together for a common purpose and achieving much of it. This is a clear indication that people are willing to help other people in different parts of the globe. Therefore, global citizenship is clear in such a scenario because people from different parts of the world are coming together for the interests of the world in general. It is worth noting that the funds used in such a program are contributed by different countries all over the world.

Section Two -Thesis Statement

Infectious Diseases are rampant in the world and nothing much can be done by man to eliminate some of them. One such dangerous infectious disease is Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which manifests as an Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. This disease has cost many lives especially in the developing countries of the African continent since it was discovered. Many people in that region do not have the means to purchase treatment to prolong their lives leave alone cure them. However, the international community has been getting involved in helping to control the pandemic that is threatening the existence of man on planet earth. 

Treatment of HIV and AIDS has left the world puzzled on what to in order to treat the ailment. This means that the world can do nothing apart from finding mitigating solutions to the problem. Complications in treatment due to factors such as ethnicity, race, and serotypes have made it difficult to find a comprehensive cure3. Some medications work better n certain races and not for others. Similar trends can be observed even along sexes and HIV-serostatus of different people.

The fact that Africa has suffered the greatest brand from HIV cannot be emphasized. This is because the continent is weak economically and held back by some socio-cultural factors. For instance, Women of South Africa are poorer compared to men4. This is because of the different social and gender positions occupied by the two sexes. Poverty levels are directly associated with prevalence of HIV thus women in south Africa are affected more than men. This makes it difficult for women to afford treatment hence leading them to their graves because they cannot prolong their lives. However, foreign aid has contributed much in fighting the epidemic. In addition, internal financial support has boosted the efforts to a great deal. Otherwise, the fact remains that HIV/AIDS directed foreign aid has a positive effects on a country’s treatment rates5.

Global partnerships have been formed thus offering some assistance to such groups. Some of the most effective partnerships are those between the government and non-governmental organizations alongside other development partner like the World Bank. This achieves interconnected response networks that interact well in response to HIV and AIDS6. Additional efforts that global partners are putting in are educating the populations about the disease thus encouraging change of sexual behavior. This shows that the international community has been involved in solving the problem of HIV and AIDS especially in Africa. This is also a significant indicator of global citizenship traits where people are willing to come together at global platform to help others.

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