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Mental Health Issues: Glossary of Treatments

February 7, 2017

Please do not choose to take certain medication or start treatment without consulting your doctor.  This article has an informative purpose and can’t serve as the actual medication prescription. Only your personal therapist can determine the treatment and dosage of medications for you. Please understand that every person is different and needs the other kind of treatment, so before making any decision, consult a professional.

Psychotherapy For Treatment Of Addiction, Anxiety, Depression, Eating Disorders, And Suicidal Tendencies

This kind of treatment involves the consultation of a professional psychologist, who works to find the root of the person’s problem in the unconscious programs that all people have. Counselor’s task is to find the cause, learn ways to deal with it and eventually eliminate it making the person happier and healthier. There are two popular types of psychotherapy – CBT and IPT:

  • CBT, or Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, focuses on emphasizing the positive sides of person’s life
  • IPT, or Interpersonal Therapy, is aimed at determining the external factors that serve the reason for the patient’s suffering

Psychotherapy isn’t limited to these two kinds of treatments and has different forms, such as family therapy, DBT therapy, etc.

Medications For Treatment Of Depression And Anxiety

If psychotherapy doesn’t work, a therapist prescribes medications such as an antidepressant or other anti-anxiety medications. This kind of treatment is viewed as a tool to treat severe cases and is recommended to keep working with a professional psychologist even when taking a course of anti-anxiety medication. It is crucial to be patient when starting to take a new medication, as your body needs to adjust to it before it starts showing the effects. 

Mental Health Issues. Glossary of Treatments

Group Therapy For Treatment Of Addiction, Anxiety, Depression, Eating Disorders, And Suicidal Tendencies

This type of treatment is used for individuals who are united by the same problem (alcohol addiction, eating disorder, etc). Group therapy is conducted by one or two specialists, who lead the group discussions. When people share their experiences with one another and tell what they have gone through, it helps to realize that they are not alone in their suffering and see the positive examples, which give real motivation for positive change. When one shares his or her problem, it diminishes by 50%. These groups help people to befriend those who can help in case of the relapse into old, undesirable habits.

Inpatient Treatment For Addiction And Eating Disorders

Sometimes people suffer from severe forms of addictions and eating disorders. Such cases require special care and approach. People who suffer from extreme forms of addictions and eating disorders are often admitted to a treatment facility to get a 24/7 care because standard methods can’t help them overcome their problems. When inpatient treatment is applied, patients are being supervised during the day, they visit group sessions to talk and share their experiences and problems, and they also take certain treatments or prescribed medications. In case of applying inpatient treatment to eating disorders, meals are monitored, and special diet is prescribed in order to adopt healthier eating habits.

Outpatient Treatment For Addiction And Eating Disorders

Outpatient care is close to inpatient care, but in contrast with the latter, it gives patients an opportunity to live at home and go to a treatment facility during the day to take the necessary treatment. Some procedures applied during the outpatient treatment require being present at the treatment facility for several hours, while others may require less time to be conducted. It depends on the individual case of each patient. In case with addictions, outpatient treatment often implies long sessions with professional psychotherapists which in some cases can last up to four hours. It takes such long periods of time in order to prevent a relapse. In contrast with addictions, treating eating disorders often implies meetings with nutritionists and dieticians in addition to psychotherapists. 

Detoxification Programs For Treatment Of Addiction

Detoxification is the first step of recovery for addicts. Though this process is difficult, it always accompanies withdrawal and helps patients through this challenging period. This is just one of the elements of the complex treatment because detoxification doesn’t deal with the root of the problem


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