You should not confuse an analytical essay with a summary. They may have some features in common. However, it is necessary to distinguish between these two works. Nevertheless, it may be easy in theory, but when it goes about practice everything becomes very confusing. If your paper reminds you a report, it means that it summarizes the presented facts only. An analytical work is more specific than a summary. Thus, it performs detailed analysis of a book, for example. It explores the way a book is produced. Moreover, close attention is paid to the use of stylistic devices and methods of describing events and characters.


It is necessary to find out how to write an analytical essay in the right way before you start preparing it. Thus, keep in mind the following:

An analytical paper can be organized in different ways. In any case, it should include three major parts: an introductory section, main body, and concluding unit. Below, you will find a detailed explanation of how to construct each part of your analytical essay. Thus, if you do not know what to start each section with, take a close look at the useful tips mentioned below. You will learn how to write a clear outline and create a logical structure.

Do Not Worry Anymore

Introductory Paragraph

In order to interest readers in analytical essays, writers should produce a great introduction. You are not an exception. Therefore, you should do it as well to grab readers’ attention. Note that the introductory section should present the examined topic effectively. Furthermore, it should include a well-written thesis statement. Do not forget to write a few sentences explaining how you are going to develop the key idea and support your thesis.

At this stage, you need to introduce the explored subject. It is very important to use effective technique to present the topic attractively. However, first, you need to find a comprehensive analytical essay definition to understand clearly what the key features of this paper are. When introducing the topic of your work, you should use different expressions that will appeal to readers. Therefore, you may hold a dialogue with readers or provide reliable statistical data. Note that it should be written in a couple of sentences. They should make a smooth transition to the thesis statement.

You need to strive hard to produce a superior statement. It should present the central point of the paper. By the way, if you write a rough analytical essay outline, you will not forget to cover all the aspects of your work.

Write a few sentences telling readers what approach you are going to take to analyze the matter.

Note that the above-mentioned items are a firm basis of the body section.

Main Body

In this part of the paper, you should present and discuss the ideas about the analyzed issue. When writing an analytical essay, you need to remember that its body usually consists of three paragraphs. However, you are free to create more to explore the subject fully. Therefore, you may write four or five paragraphs. The most important is to develop the key point in the right way. That is why you need to provide enough arguments to support the main idea of your paper. On the other hand, you may put forward a few ideas and discuss them step by step.

Remember that each paragraph should start with a topic sentence. It should inform readers about the main concepts to be discussed in the paragraph. In this way, you will easily define analytical essay direction. Now, take a look at the following example to understand how to write a topic sentence:

“Harry Potter is ready to fulfill prediction and sacrifice his life to save the magic world.”

It should divide a topic sentence into pieces. For instance, the sentence mentioned above can be divided into several segments, i.e. statements. For instance, “Harry Potter was the one to fulfill prediction,” “he was ready to die,” “his death would matter a lot.” Note that the variety of analytical essay topics is huge.

You should present straightforward facts to support your statement. Otherwise, your claims will be considered unsubstantiated. Therefore, you may cite examples taken from the text to illustrate the discussed points.

The presented arguments should be closely related to the topic sentence. Explain readers in detail why you have provided particular facts. Now you know how to start an analytical essay and develop it. The last step is writing a conclusion.

Concluding Paragraph

This part of the paper should restate the chief points concisely. You may relate the discussed topic to real life. It would be also good to cite a quotation to end an essay reasonably. If you make an appropriate analytical essay format, you will succeed in organizing your work.

Analytical Essay Sample

The increasing level of industrialization and other human activities around the globe have caused the pollution of the environment. The largest part of environmental pollution affects water and air. The combustion of fossil fuels, such as oil, gas and coal play an instrumental role in contributing to environmental pollution. It especially occurs due to the fact that they contain heavy metals, including lead, sulfur and mercury. Human beings must be ready to deal with environmental pollution to avoid conditions, such as mental retardation, acid rain, reduced visibility, shortness in breath, stunted plants and damaged leaves.

Current essay analyzes The Big Thirst: The Secret Life and Turbulent Future of Water by Charles Fishman presenting his main argument.

The Main Argument Presented by the Author

The main argument presented by Fishman in the book is that water is an essential element in the lives of human beings. However, many people tend not to pay much attention to water conservation and preservation due to the common belief that water will always be available for their consumption at any given time. Accordingly, Fishman (2012) goes ahead to introduce the fourth state of water, 'molecular water' that exists about 400 miles down the ground. He insists that molecular water is the key source of water that is used by human beings around the planet. Fishman also reiterates that human beings have to change their approach to harvesting and using water in their lives. They should start harvesting rainwater for their use to ensure that enough resources of water are conserved. According to Fishman (2012), water should also be kept clean through innovative technologies that have been advanced by companies such as GE, IBM and Royal Caribbean to ensure it is available for the future populations. Overall, Fishman argues that human beings have to realize their relationship with water, hence they are not careful when harvesting and using it.

In What Way Did the Book 'Speak to You' or Inform You?

The book 'spoke' to me in the most effective way. It informed me of the idea that human beings can never live without water. There is always a growing demand for water due to the increasing population around the globe. In line with the book, I was able to understand that water forms a significant part of our lives. However, we need to start appreciating this fact to ensure that we handle the water we have in the most appropriate manner. Innovative handling of water is indicative of our respect for this vital resource that exists on our planet.

More so, the book informed me of the view that the contemporary world is a lucky place to live in due to the technological advantage it has over other civilizations. Fishman (2012) reiterates that the current world is better placed in terms of handling and managing the little water resources that are available to it. For instance, we should take advantage of the available technology to ensure that the limited water resources are maintained at any given time. In tandem with the book, I have understood the view that the world has a complex relationship with water and should do everything to ensure that all resources are secured for future generations.

The book also provided the view that water should be treated like food resources. Human beings have complex relationships with food and have been om the frontline in terms of developing genetically modified foods to supplement the supply. The same approach should be adopted when dealing with water resources in our environment. Scarcity will never occur in cases where such approaches are embraced by global actors. It is a strong message that would automatically lead to action in terms of water conservation and modification. Technology focused on water conservation will also be enhanced with the strong idea communicated by the book.

How the Work Connects with the Course Discussion, Lecture Material, Documentaries, and Articles Used in Class

Fishman's work connects directly to the course discussions. Firstly, the book connects directly to the class discussion in terms of explaining environmental pollution. The course discussion entailed an intensive discussion about environmental pollution and some of the key factors that are likely to lead to the environmental pollution. For instance, there was a discussion on the effect of burning fossil fuels, such as oil, coal and gas on the overall environment. The book captures such idea in a similar manner when talking about the effect of environmental degradation to water resources. Fishman (2012) is of the view that water resources could diminish in the result of careless usage and the failure of individuals to take care of the little water resources they might be having at their disposal. Additionally, the course discussion presented a view that carbon monoxide leads to environmental pollution, hence limiting the opportunities of individuals to live a normal life. The book also upholds a similar idea by encouraging humans to manage their environment by avoiding the flow of such gases into the environment. The book's idea on environmental pollution relates directly to the ideas presented in the course discussions.

More so, the information on the effects of environmental pollution relates directly to what has been presented in the class discussions. In the book, Fishman (2012) opines that the lack of effective environmental management would lead to the depletion of water resources, hence leading the planet to a crisis. Water scarcity will lead to a crisis, as individuals will be limited in terms of their operations considering the fact that water is life. Similarly, the course discussions affirm that environmental degradation will always have negative consequences on both human beings and other living things. For instance, many plants will not be able to grow normally and human beings will experience breathing problems due to the presence of gases in the atmosphere, such as carbon monoxide. Therefore, both of them highlight the effects of environmental pollution on human beings and other living organisms. There should be no assumptions that the current resources can never be exhausted around the world. The book suggests that everyone has a responsibility to realize their relationship to water and take measures that would lead to its effective usage and collection in world.


In conclusion, Fishman's book The Big Thirst: The Secret Life and Turbulent Future of Water provides the key idea surrounding the secret to conserving water resources to avoid its shortages in the future. It affirms that water should be used carefully with the available technologies to avoid scarcities in the near future. Every human being on the planet is obliged to take care of water starting from sewage water. The book presents information that human beings have a complex relationship with water, but do not understand the best ways of ensuring that such relationship is sustained into the future. The supposition to it is the use of technology and innovative ways, such as the collection of rainwater. The book also connects to the course discussions when it explicates the overall topic of environmental pollution and its prevalence in the contemporary world. Extensive environmental pollution is hurting most of the common resources, such as air and water that human beings are supposed to be enjoying.


Fishman, C. (2012). The big thirst: The secret life and turbulent future of water. New York: Simon and Schuster.

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